Significance of Tamil Month Margazhi
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The Tamil Margali Masam, or Margazhi Month, is the month of Bhakti and Music. In 2016, Margazhi month begins on Friday, December 16, 2016 and ends on Friday, January 13, 2017. The importance of Margali Masam was announced by none other than Lord Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita when says Maasanam Margasheershoham among the twelve months, I am Margazhi. Rendering of Tiruppavai and Tiruvembavai, religious discourses and music festivals are the major highlights during the period.
Chanting of the Tiruppavai of Andal is the most important event in the month. Tiruppavai consists of 30 verses and a verse is chanted on each day of Margali. Another major highlight in the month is the drawing of kolams (rangoli) daily in front of houses. The most important festivals in the Margali month are Vaikunta Ekadasi, Hanuman Jayanthi and Arudara Darshan. The month also marks the end of the pilgrimage season in Sabarimala.
The month is also of great significance in the Srirangam SriRanganatha Temple. Apart from the Vaikunta Ekadasi, the Srirangam temple during the month witnesses the Pagal pathu and Rapathu the chanting of Tiruvaimozhi.
Margali Masam is also the time of the winter solstice when the days are shorter and the nights are longer. Margazhi Month is also considered the dawn period of Devas. Uttarayana Punayakalam begins in mid January the daytime of Devas. One year of ours is a day for the Devas. The night time of Devas begins during Dakshinayana Punyakalam.
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