Why Hindus put Kolam before the house?
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Purpose of kolams is not merely decorative. Kolam drawing has several social, spiritual and symbolic meanings attached to it. Those who practice this believe that drawing kolam purifies the entrance space and this in turn will invite the goddess of wealth Laxmi to enter the house. This they believe would give the inmates all wealth and prosperity. It is a good exercise by sitting, standing and moving in patterns while making the kolam. A lot of ozone and thus oxygen-rich atmosphere is healthy.
Kolam is a drawing generally drawn at the entrance of a house, temple or any other building. This is a good old practice of South India. Dried rice flour is to be used for drawing kolams. Although there are numerous traditional kolams patterns and lot more can be created depending on the creativity of the person who draws it, it is not drawn like a picture. Patterns are created based on certain systems.
Drawing Kolam is practiced by women. Generally women get up early in the morning and clean the area just outside the entrances of their houses, sprinkle the area with water and draw the kolam by dropping the loose dried flour in a controlled way through their forefinger and the thumb. Mostly the kolam patterns are created based on dots arranged in different types of grid patterns. However, many non-dot based kolam patterns also are available.